The Cavaquinho, which has also been known as the braguinha, braga, machete, machetinho or “machete de Braga”, is a string instrument, very popular in traditional Portuguese music as a support instrument or as a soloist’s instrument. It is played in a ”rasgado”(torn) style, using a technique unique to the instrument, or in a “varejamento “ style, which is made with thumb and forefinger (and/or middle finger, and/or ring finger, and/or little finger, depending on the player) in a rigid position , which in the upward or downward movement of the hand successively strike the strings, while maintaining a constant amplitude in its movement. The scholars think that its origin is in the Greek four string instruments; however we must not forget that it was and remain the Spaniards who are the major players in divulging the guitar family of instruments, of which the cavaquinho is a member. It is believed to have been brought to Braga along with the guitar by the Biscaínhos, who were originally from the Basque Region in Spain.
the old style: A-E-C-G ;
(Translated by: Francisco Pires)
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Grupo Convidado: Orquestra de Guitarras da Academia de Música de Vilar do Paraíso